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Photoshop would magically create a contact sheet for you. There are actually two download pages, one for windows and one for mac.

Integration der Reprofilierungs-Technologie. Neuberechnung von DeviceLinks. Diese Funktion ist insbesondere dann hilfreich, wenn mit Hilfe des Druckerprofilierungs-Moduls Aktualisierung aus einem Referenzprofil ein optimiertes Druckerprofil erstellt wurde und danach alle DeviceLinks, die das Referenzprofil beinhalten, mit dem optimierte Profil neu berechnet werden sollen.

CoPrA verwendet bei der Neuberechnung die gleichen Einstellungen, die im originalen DeviceLink-Profil verwendet wurden und tauscht automatisch je nach Position als Quell- oder Zielprofil ein aktuell verwendetes gegen ein neues Profil aus. Genaue Informationen liegen uns dazu nicht vor. Dadurch sinken die Investionskosten vor allem bei kleinen Switch Projekten. Den dazu passenden Variablen-Satz liefern wir auch gleich mit dazu. Haben Sie Anregungen zu weiteren Aktionen? Dann nehmen Sie doch per Mail mit uns Kontakt auf. Die Version 4.

Diese Version 4. Ist das nicht der Fall, so erscheint eine Fehlermeldung. Releasenotes als PDF. Die Neuerungen in Metrix v Ab der neuen Version 2. MadeToPrint 2. Version 3. Damit ist ColorAnt 3. Die Hauptneuerung in ColorAnt 3. Video mit allen Neuerungen zu PitStop 13 update 1. Download DLS-Manager.

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Hier finden Sie ein Video zu allen Neuerungen zu Switch Switch 13 nutzt dazu die neue Komponente "Switch Webserver". Um diese Art von Meldungstypen zu protokollieren, kann diese in den Voreinstellungen eingeschaltet werden, was insbesondere beim entwickeln und testen von neuen Flows sehr hilfreich sein kann. Die Performance von Switch 13 konnte verbessert werden, da "automatisch verwaltete" Ordner nun nicht mehr extra gescannt werden Switch kennt den Inhalt eh bereits.

Nur noch Ordner, welche vom Anwender verwaltet werden, werden gescannt.

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Die automatische Ausrichtung erfolgt allerdings nicht bei bestehenden Flows - die man ja vielleicht auch lieb gewonnen hat Dies ist nun in Version 13 gefixt worden. Quite Imposing Plus v4 steht seit dem Aktuell ist jetzt die Version 4. Die neuen Funktionen sind auch im aktualisierten ZePrA4. Ab ZePrA 4. Welche Profile sind im Basic-Set enthalten? ZePrA 4. Ihre ZePrA 4 Lizenz ist mit der neuen 4. Version 4. Juni Discard hidden layer content and flatten visible layers: Problem solved, where processing resulted in an unexpected result in some cases [FP].

Schwarzpunkt und TAC. Teilweise kann die dunkelste Tiefe mit reinem Schwarz gedruckt werden, d. Fehlerkorrekturen in CoPrA 3. Zudem sind diese gespiegelten Objekte in jeder Hinsicht bearbeitbar. Anwender, die PitStop 12 ab dem 2. Kunden, welche PitStop Server 12 seit dem 2. Elpical Software, a leading provider of automatic image enhancement and image workflow solutions, announces the availability of the latest version of its Claro automatic image enhancement solution. Over the years, Claro has become the automatic enhancement solution of choice for customers around the globe offering the best value for money in its category.

Renowned publishers rely on Claro to automate retouching of images, ready for production. They enjoy consistent, high quality results for their print editions as well as their electronic publications. Elpical consistently focuses on bringing improved image analysis and quality enhancement. Claro 10 is also a major step forward in user-experience.

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Truly a milestone for Elpical and its customers; version 10 features a completely new user-interface as the most visible change. The answer to the question what makes a good user-interface is not a constant.

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Expectations are changing as new technologies are adopted. Hence the new user-interface for Claro, designed to be easy on the eye and intuitive. With version 10 Elpical now has a user-interface that is in line with the great technology inside, a core technology that has never stopped evolving. Some use warm and soft images i. Customers always have been able to customize settings to accommodate these different styles. But in version 10 we go a step further. Customers are able to apply a new intelligent color filter that allows for warmer or cooler images using any color they please.

Applying a color filter on a complete image is great for the colors in an image but not so great on the neutrals i. The new Claro color filter allows keeping the neutrals neutral while enhancing the colors in images. And, as with all Claro image enhancement features, completely automatic!

Claro 10 features a complete license overview, and ability to activate a new license online, in real-time. Licenses can also be de-activated, if they need to be moved to another machine. Claro has been available in a rental model for a while, avoiding the initial investment of a purchase. Now you can rent Claro by the month, with the option of automatic renewals. Automated invoicing, credit-card payments and license renewals ensure smooth uninterrupted Claro usage. Claro 10 offers the ability to create multiple user accounts and assign privileges to those accounts. This leads to better application management.

Claro 10 is immediately available. Trial versions can be downloaded on the Elpical website. A new license is required for upgrades from previous versions. Please contact support elpical. Version 1. Mit der neuen Version 1. Vorlese-Software zugute kommt. Kunden, welche Enfocus Connect 12 seit dem 1. Dezember erworben haben, erhalten das Upgrade auf Version 13 ebenfalls kostenlos!

Sie erhalten Ihren Connect 13 Lizenzkey unter: www. Wir empfehlen deshalb allen ZePrA 4. Zur Aktivierung ist es notwenig, das Passwort zweimal einzugeben. Zum einen wird durch die Farbeinstellungen in der Konfiguration der Transparenzfarbraum eindeutig definiert, falls dieser in der PDF-Datei nicht bereits eindeutig sein sollte.

Mehr Informationen zu Multi-Spektraldaten. M0, erstellt wurde. Kunden, die SmartLink einsetzen und bereits Konfigurationen angelegt haben, werden nach dem Update auf Version 4. Standard Komprimierung. So zeigt Ihnen der Validator nun an, wenn Sonderfarben-Bibliotheken nicht mehr vorhanden, jedoch in Konfigurationen verwendet werden. Insbesondere die mit ZePrA 4. In dem Fall, dass eine Sonderfarbe angelegt wird, die in keiner Bibliothek gefunden wurde, stellt ZePrA, wie im Screenshot zu sehen, die automatische Zielwert-Optimierung aus, so dass der Anwender eigene Zielwerte vorgeben kann.

In dieser Versiion wurd ein paar kleine Fehler behoben und die Zusammenarbeit mit Acrobat Windows verbessert. PitStop 12 Update 3 verbessert auch bereits vorhandene Funktionen, die die Benutzerfreundlichkeit weiter optimieren. What is new in PitStop 12 Update 3. Upgrade auf Alwan ColorHub v5. Make sure that brand or special colors that are printed as device color builds are reproduced accurately within standard or custom tolerances.

Die Anwendung von Ausnahme-Regelungen zusammen mit dem absolut farbmetrischen Rendering Intent widersprechen sich und sind nicht zu empfehlen. Sobald eine Ausnahme in Verbindung mit Grau z. Diese Ausnahme ist z. Die neue Version 4. Klicken Sie im eingefahren Zustand einfach auf den Home-Knopf, um die Sidebar auszufahren und von dort aus auf das jeweilige Modul und die Konfigurationen zuzugreifen.

Nun ist das Sonderfarben-Modul nochmals erweitert worden:. Liegt z. Verwandte Produkte. Impressed - Versionshistorie: Versionshistorie NET Core enhancements in all language bindings and updates for the latest language versions many bug fixes, improvements and workarounds for damaged PDF security updates for third-party libraries optionally retrieve Separation and DeviceN text colors in the simpler alternate color space instead of the rather complex native color space TET PDF IFilter 5. Fehlerkorrekturen in ZePrA 7. Die gleichen Profilverbesserungen, die mit CoPrA 5. Ticket Der Import solcher Konfigurationen funktionierte nicht, und es wurde ein Systemfehler angezeigt und die Warteschlangen-Ordner wurden nicht erstellt.

Die Kanalnamen wurden nicht korrekt gesetzt. NET 4. Hinweis: Unter Windows wird eine neue Seriennummer generiert und von ZePrA 7 benutzt, wenn eine computerbasierte Lizenz verwendet wird. Ein weiterer Effekt war, dass Ebenen in Bilddateien mit Sonderzeichen nicht korrekt erkannt wurden, was ebenfalls behoben wurde. Ticket Einige Rechtschreibfehler wurden behoben und Job-Warnungen optimiert. Falls Sie bereits auf die Version 7. Nach dem Update auf die Version 7.

Output Intents, curve files etc Compare Libraries: Included settings of the scope of a specific check e. Die neue Version — Measure Tool 2. Close Imp and Imp Flow. Download the Imp update from the Trial link, right click it, see properties and click on Unblock as shown in below image and then Apply, OK.

This is very common a user may get many multi-page PDFs with different front and back page assignments for creating unbound components. Now we have PDF wizard option available inside an open product. This button is available in the vertical tool bar as shown below. Some customers wanted more control on defining the stroke thickness.

Now we have given the control in export PDF dialogue box to define the stroke thickness. Some digital die cutting machines required the camera registration marks to be filled circles on the die-layout. Now, if a user defines a geometry mark or camera registration with fill, Imp by default export the die layout with filled geometry marks in PDF format. In other formats available for die-layout export, the geometry marks will come in strokes only.

This is fixed now. Imp crashes when back side layout diagram is printed in reports In case simplex and duplex jobs are ganged together and in reports, back side of layout printing is selected, Imp was crashing on printing reports. This has been fixed now. It was not deleting the folders inside. It is now fixed. You can refer how to setup Purge function in Windows from this link. Der Fehler ist in der vorherigen Version 6. Context aware object detection Sifter Object below other object Object covered by other object Various new Properties to determine different details of path objects Number of hits in this check in document Various new properties to determine values of text and character spacing: Character spacing of text Word spacing of text Text leading Text rise Unicode of ligature via ToUnicode CMap does not match PDF encoding Various new properties for Processing Steps Embedded font file uses invalid or empty BBox values New and enhanced predefined Checks Aspect ratio of TrimBox does not correspond to European standard sizes A4, A3, If the layout is edited, there was no option to apply these marks at layout level.

Now we have a new tool to add dot marks at layout level in a single click. This tool will automatically get active if digital cutter is selected in layout properties. Option to set default grain direction Now, user can select the desired grain direction in component properties and save it as default. All future jobs will have the same grain direction. Now with this build, all custom properties will be exported in the plan XML. The same functionality is now available in Imp Flow. Imp Flow - Notify users when a job is failed If a job is submitted to Imp Flow and it fails, there was no mechanism to inform user about the failure.

The failure log was only accessible through Imp Flow UI and it was not accessible to users working on network. For this the first step is to set up Bot. This Bot. Download a sample Bot. Close Imp and Imp Flow if running and place Bot. Now launch Imp Flow and select and edit the flow and you can see a new field where you can enter email IDs of users who should be notified in case of job failure.

Internally the planning algorithms are now refined to avoid these situations. Now with this update they will be arranged alphabetically. In case of ganging, this was not supported as different files can have different profiles. Now this has been fixed. Job overlaps the non-printing strips defined in sheetfed press In some scenarios, Imp was overlapping jobs over the non-printing strips defined in the offset press.

This was causing the workflow to hang. Now, this has been fixed and now Imp ensures that one document is referenced only once in Imposition JDF. In der Tabellenspalte Information wird der Name der importierten Datei angezeigt. ZePrA 6. Details dazu finden Sie unter CoPrA 5. Es wurde ein Fehler behoben, bei dem die Sonderfarbe All in einem seltenen Fall versehentlich konvertiert wurde.

Dies geschah, wenn die Sonderfarbenkonvertierung auf Konvertieren mit PDF-Ersatzfarbe und Berechnungsvorschrift eingestellt war, und die Tabelle der Sonderfarbenregeln nicht leer war. Individuelle Konfiguration des Job Finder Webhooks. Die korrekten Kanalnamen werden nun nach dem Import angezeigt. PHP 7. Dies verhindert das Problem, dass die Text-Schnellsuche in Adobe Acrobat bei konvertierten Dateien nicht immer funktionierte. Der aufzurufende Parameter lautet zcmd und nicht cmd.

Hinweis: Am genauesten arbeitet die Korrektur bei Bit-Daten. Ein Fehler in der Mac-Version beim manuellen Kurvendesign unter Gradationskurven verwalten wurde behoben. Die Farbeigenschaften werden auch bei limitierten Daten besser erkannt, so dass der Zusammendruck besser vorhergesagt wird. Zudem sind Berechnungen mit spektralen Gradienten verbessert worden, die sich auch im Umrechnen-Werkzeug positiv auswirken. Fehlerkorrekturen in ColorAnt 4.

Dieser Fehler ist behoben worden. Hinweis: Auch wenn es mit ColorAnt 4. Typischerweise werden dabei die Kanalnamen und Farben aus den Informationen der Referenzdatei verwendet. Ticket Der Fehler, dass mit dem Werkzeug Umrechnen Sample Names in der umgerechneten Datei entfernt wurden, obwohl diese in der Referenzdatei vorhanden waren, ist behoben worden.

Connect beinhaltet die neueste PitStop Preflight-Engine. Der Installer von ZePrA 6. Dies ist behoben worden. Minimales Schwarz ist verbessert worden. Fehlerkorrekturen in CoPrA 4. Dabei ist der Fehler, der Warnungen bei der Druckerprofilierung auch ohne geladene Messdaten angezeigt hat, behoben worden. Die neue Engine ist kompatibel zu callas pdfToolbox 9. Fehlerkorrekturen Der Fehler, dass der Inhalt einer Sonderfarben-Bibliothek in bestimmten Situationen verloren gehen konnte, ist behoben worden.

Die Benennung und die Anzeige von emissiven Messdaten Lichtmessungen ist korrigiert worden. Entsprechende Messdateien werden nun als Emission und nicht mehr als Remission angezeigt. Ein Problem mit der Konvertierung von Sonderfarben ist behoben worden, wenn dieselbe Sonderfarbe in mehreren Jobs vorkommt und parallel verarbeitet wurde Ticket Aktualisierte ColorAnt-Version im Installer. Die Option Lichter zur Simulation des ersten druckenden Tons ist bei der Druckerprofilierung um zwei neue Optionen und bei der DeviceLink-Profilierung um drei neue Optionen erweitert worden. Kontaktieren Sie uns, wenn Sie Bedarf an solchen Lizenzen haben.

Messwerte erhalten nun automatisch den Namenszusatz measured zur besseren Erkennung zwischen gemessenen und Referenzwerten. Die Kanalnamen und Werte stimmen nun wieder. Hierbei kann es sich um einen Preflight-Bericht handeln, der von PitStop Server generiert wurde, oder um jeden anderen Berichtstyp, der in einem Switch-Flow generiert wurde. Helle Messfelder am Chartrand werden zudem vermieden. Dieser Fehler ist korrigiert worden. Dies ist korrigiert worden.

Dies ist, soweit Kanalnamen korrekt im Dokument vermerkt wurden, behoben worden. Die Anzeige der farbraumerweiternden Farben eines Multicolor-Vergleichsprofils im Spinnennetz-Dialog unter Betrachten ist optimiert worden. Die Farben des Vergleichsprofiles werden zur besseren Kenntlichmachung der Messdaten nun heller angezeigt. Die Anzahl der Sonderfarben, die unterhalb des vom Anwender in der jeweiligen Konfiguration angegebenen Schwellwertes liegen z. Ab ZePrA 5. Im Installer von ZePrA 5. Beim Import solcher Profile werden die Kanalnamen automatisch mit den entsprechenden Kurven hinterlegt.

Dadurch werden einige Probleme beim Flachrechnen behoben. In der Vergangenheit wurde die Datei aus dem Hotfolder mit den Einstellungen verarbeitet, die beim Kopieren der Datei in den Hotfolder existent waren. Ein seltener Fehler beim Import einer Konfiguration mit externen Gradationen jedoch ohne Warteschlangen-Information ist behoben worden. Es wird nun keine Fehlermeldung mehr angezeigt.

Der Fehler, dass Gradationskorrekturen nicht auf Bilder angewendet wurden, wenn auf dem Reiter Gradationen der Konfiguration nur die Checkbox Gradationen auf Bilder anwenden jedoch nicht die Vektor-Checkbox aktiviert war, ist behoben worden. Somit lassen sich technische Separationsnamen wie z. Neben einem festen absoluten Wert auf Endformat zur Auswahl. Auch die Skalierung von Seiten und Seiteninhalten ist nun ebenfalls wesentlich flexibler und einfacher geworden.

Verbesserte Bedienbarkeit des Tools Individuelles Chart. Die Online-Hilfe wurde optimiert und modernisiert. This leads to optimized skin-tone treatment and adjustments in noise filtering and local contrast for highlights, leading to better portraits. Banding removal Claro now detects and removes banding issues in blue skies that may occur in heavily compressed images. Improved exposure correction Claro has improved detection of under and over exposed images and offers an even higher success rate in correcting these problems.

Added localized treatment of key areas in images Claro offers more controls to include or exclude certain areas in images like skin tones and blue skies to algorithms like the local contrast for highlights feature and the color filter. The plugin identifies the size of the picture box and the visible area of the images and takes this into account.

The enhanced images fit exactly into the picture box at the exact resolution. The new plugin offers enhanced user experience and allows documents to be closed while images are in process. Newsrooms will love this! If a major news event occurs, newsrooms will have the ability to tag images shot within a specified range of the location where the event took place. Especially with user generated content coming into the newsroom, it is a huge benefit to be able to immediately identify images shot within a certain proximity of the event.

IT departments will love this! The new installers of both the Claro server Windows and Mac OS X as well as the InDesign plugin and Photoshop Inspector are completely independent of pre-installed runtime environments. Es ist dazu keine weitere Software notwendig. Der browserbasierte Client mit vollem Leistungsumpfang nur mit Google Chrome ersetzt damit mittelfristig den als Applikation laufenden SwitchClient ersetzen. Beachten Sie, dass mit Hilfe der Voreinstellung die Ausnahmen entsprechend gesetzt werden, damit kein Schwarz erzeugt wird.

Panel windows are applications that can be started and used as a floating, top-level window or embedded to the QGIS main window as a docked widget see also Panels and Toolbars. In the Status Bar, features like the coordinate information can be deactivated. In toolbar icons of QGIS, and in Toolbars, you can de activate the Widgets, you can de activate dialogs as well as their buttons. You can also save your various setups for different use cases as well.

Before your changes are applied, you need to restart QGIS. It also allows the user to define custom coordinate reference systems and supports on-the-fly OTF projection of vector and raster layers. All of these features allow the user to display layers with different CRSs and have them overlay properly. Normally, you do not need to manipulate the database directly. In fact, doing so may cause projection support to fail. Custom CRSs are stored in a user database. See section Eigenes Koordinatenbezugssystem definieren for information on managing your custom coordinate reference systems.

In order to use OTF projection, either your data must contain information about its coordinate reference system or you will need to define a global, layer or project-wide CRS. This projection file has the same base name as the shapefile and a. For example, a shapefile named alaska. Project This default can be changed via the [Select This choice will be saved for use in subsequent QGIS sessions. However, OTF is not activated by default. Diese werden im Folgenden beschrieben. Ist diese ausgeschaltet wird jeder Layer anhand der Koordinaten aus der Datenquelle gezeichnet und die unten beschriebenen Komponenten sind nicht aktiv.


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The active CRS is preselected. Wenn man den Dialog anhand des gebracht. In addition to your custom CRSs, this database also contains your spatial bookmarks and other custom data. Evenden, U.

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This manual describes the use of the proj. The cartographic parameters used with proj. Ein beschreibender Name 2. Chapter Vergleichen Sie die Ergebnisse mit den Werten im Kartenfenster. For some CRS there are a number of transforms available. Further information may be found by hovering over a transform. User defaults can be saved by selecting Remember selection. You can have access to common vector files e. Figure The drag-and-drop function makes it easy to get your data into the map view and the map legend. Drag the panel into the legend window and release it.

Click on the Browser tab. Press the Shift key and select the airports. Press the left mouse button, then drag and drop the files into the map canvas. Right-click on a layer and choose Set project CRS from layer. For more information see Arbeiten mit Projektionen. Click on Zoom Full to make the layers visible. This is handy when you need to move files or layers between locations.

Browser 2 , or select it from 2. Drag the panel into the legend window. Navigate to the Browser 2 tab and browse for a shapefile in your file system. Select a file with the left mouse button. Now you can use the current project. If there are already files in your project, the file will just be added, and in the case that it has the same extent and CRS, it will be visualized. Then choose Zoom to Layer Extent. Filter files The function works on a directory level. Browse to the folder where you want to filter files and enter a search word or wildcard. The Metadata tab contains general information about the file see Metadata Menu.

With the Preview tab, you can have a look at your files without importing them into your QGIS project. Vector data can also be loaded in read mode from zip and gzip archives into QGIS. Only those formats that have been well tested will appear in the list of file types when loading a vector into QGIS. Many of the features available in QGIS work the same, regardless of the vector data source.

This is by design, and it includes the identify, select, labeling and attributes functions. Ein Shape besteht derzeit aus mehreren Dateien. Die folgenden drei sind erforderlich: 1. Click on [Browse]. The selection box Filter allows you to preselect some OGR-supported file formats. You can also select the encoding for the shapefile if desired. Tipp: Farben von Vektorlayern 66 Chapter Wenn Sie mehrere neue Vektorlayer laden, werden jeweils unterschiedliche Farben zugewiesen. Once a shapefile is loaded, you can zoom around it using the map navigation tools.

To change the style of a layer, open the Layer Properties dialog by double clicking on the layer name or by right-clicking on the name in the legend and choosing Properties from the context menu. Rechnern in einem Netzwerk browsen. Improving Performance for Shapefiles To improve the performance of drawing a shapefile, you can create a spatial index. A spatial index will improve the speed of both zooming and panning. Spatial indexes used by QGIS have a. This is due to the fact that. For the same reason, if you create a new shapefile with QGIS, two different projection files are created: a.

Whenever QGIS finds a. Select Directory as Source type. Navigate to the directory that contains the coverage file, and select it. Eine Delimited Text Datei ist eine Attributtabelle bei der jede Spalte durch ein definiertes Zeichen und jede Zeile durch einen Zeilenumbruch getrennt wird. But first check that the file meets the following requirements: 1. Die Datei muss eine begrenzte Kopfspalte mit Feldnamen besitzen. Dieses muss die erste Zeile in der Textdatei sein. Die Kopfspalte muss Feld er mit Geometriedefinitionen enthalten. Das Koordinatensystem ist nicht wichtig.

As an example of a valid text file, we import the elevation point data file elevp. Die Beispieldatei verwendet ; Semikolon als Trennzeichen. Die erste Zeile ist die Kopfzeile. Die X-Koordinaten sind in der Spalte X enthalten. Die Y-Koordinaten sind in der Spalte Y enthalten.

Once the file is selected, QGIS attempts to parse the file with the most recently used delimiter. To enable QGIS to properly parse the file, it is important to select the correct delimiter. You can specify a delimiter by activating Custom delimiters, or by activating Regular expression delimiter and entering text into the Expression field. Once the file is parsed, set Geometry definition to Point coordinates and choose the X and Y fields from the dropdown lists.

DMS coordinates Finally, enter a layer name e. To add the layer to the map, click [OK]. The delimited text file now behaves as any other map layer in QGIS. If the file contains non-spatial data, activate No geometry attribute only table and it will be loaded as an ordinal table.

The objective of the OSM project is to create a free editable map of the world from GPS data, aerial photography or local knowledge. This creates a SpatiaLite geometry layer that you can add to your project by clicking on the toolbar button or by selecting the SpatiaLite Layer laden. The advantages of PostGIS are the spatial indexing, filtering and query capabilities it provides. You can also open the Add Vector Layer dialog and select Database. This must be a resolvable host name such as would be used to open a telnet connection or ping the host. Standard ist Wenn dies misslingt, eine SSL-Verbindung versuchen.

Wenn dies misslingt eine nicht-SSL-Verbindung versuchen. Of course, this requires having data in PostgreSQL. From version 0. This includes both tables and views. Defining a spatial view provides a powerful means to visualize your data. Refer to your PostgreSQL manual for information on creating views. Most of the time, QGIS should simply provide you with a list of database tables that can be loaded, and it will load them on request. For tables, this usually means that the table needs a primary key, or a column with a unique constraint on it.

In QGIS, this column needs to be of type int4 an integer of size 4 bytes. Alternatively, the ctid column can be used as primary key. If a table lacks these items, the oid column will be used instead. Performance will be improved if the column is indexed note that primary keys are automatically indexed in PostgreSQL. If the PostgreSQL layer is a view, the same requirement exists, but views do not have primary keys or columns with unique constraints on them.

You have to define a primary key field has to be integer in the QGIS dialog before you can load the view. If a suitable column does not exist in the view, QGIS will not load the layer. If this occurs, the solution is to alter the view so that it does include a suitable column a type of integer and either a primary key or with a unique constraint, preferably indexed. QGIS offers a checkbox Select at id that is activated by default.

This option gets the ids without the attributes which is faster in most cases. It can make sense to disable this option when you use expensive views. It can be used to load shapefiles and other data formats, and it includes support for schemas. See section DB Manager Plugin for more information. Geschwindigkeit optimieren Retrieving features from a PostgreSQL database can be time-consuming, especially over a network. As result, if we open such a map in QGIS, we will see two far, distinct locations, that should appear near each other. This will bring up a window that will allow you either to connect to a SpatiaLite database already known to QGIS, which you can choose from the drop-down menu, or to define a new connection to a new database.

To define a new connection, click on [New] and use the file browser to point to your SpatiaLite database, which is a file with a. If necessary, they can be downloaded and installed with the Plugin Installer. QGIS now has support for such layers. Begin by clicking on the toolbar button, selecting the Add Orcale Spatial Layer To access the connection manager, click on the [New] button to display the Create a New Oracle Spatial Connection dialog.

The default port is Die Tabellengeometrie wird von den ersten nicht-null Geometriespalten der Tabelle festgelegt. Passwords are saved in clear text in the system configuration and in the project files! Einen Oracle Spatial Layer laden Once you have one or more connections defined, you can load layers from the Oracle database. Of course, this requires having data in Oracle.

It allows users to export and import symbols, groups symbols and add, edit and remove symbols. Gruppen und Schlaue Gruppen Groups are categories of Symbols and smart groups are dynamic groups. To create a group, right-click on an existing group or on the main Groups directory in the left of the library. You can also select a group and click on the Die Symbolbibliothek add item button.

There is a second way to add several symbols into group: just select a group and click and choose Group Symbols. All symbols display a checkbox that allow you to add the symbol into the selected groups. When finished, you can click on the same button, and choose Finish Grouping.

Create Smart Symbols is similar to creating group, but instead select Smart Groups. The dialog box allow user to choose the expression to select symbols in order to appear in the smart group contains some tags, member of a group, have a string in its name, etc. Add, edit, remove symbol With the Style manager from the [Symbol] menu you can manage your symbols. You can add item , edit item remove item share item , and.

You can move up or down the symbol layer. More detailed settings can be made when clicking on the second level in the Symbol layers dialog. You can define Symbol layers that are combined afterwards. A symbol can consist of several Symbol layers. Settings will be shown later in this chapter. Tipp: Note that once you have set the size in the lower levels of the Symbol layers dialog, the size of the whole symbol can be changed with the Size menu in the first level again.

The size of the lower levels changes accordingly, while the size ratio is maintained. You can choose different location vertex, interval or central point. Marker line can have offset along the line or offset line. Finally, rotation allows you to change the orientation of the symbol. Using the color combo box, you can drag and drop color for one color button to another button, copy-paste color, pick color from somewhere, choose a color from the palette or from recent or standard color.

The combo box allow you to fill in the feature with transparency. You can also just click on the button to open the palettte dialog. Note that you can import color from some external software like GIMP. Options include data defined file name, opacity, image size in pixels, mm or map units , coordinate mode feature or view and rotation. You Feature centroid as Referencepoint. Configurable parameters include distance from the boundary to shade, use of color ramps or simple two color gradients, optional blurring of the fill and offsets.

A dialog will prompt for the ramp type: Gradient, Random, colorBrewer, or cpt-city. You can use the a color ramp. To access the Layer Properties dialog, double-click on a layer in the legend or right-click on the layer and select Properties from the pop-up menu. Renderers The renderer is responsible for drawing a feature together with the correct symbol. There are four types of renderers: single symbol, categorized, graduated and rule-based.

There is no continuous color renderer, because it is in fact only a special case of the graduated renderer. The categorized and graduated renderers can be created by specifying a symbol and a color ramp - they will set the colors for symbols appropriately. For point layers, there is a point displacement renderer available. For each data type points, lines and polygons , vector symbol layer types are available. Depending on the chosen renderer, the Style menu provides different additional sections. On the bottom right of the symbology dialog, there is a [Symbol] button, which gives access to the Style Manager see Presentation.

The Style Manager allows you to edit and remove existing symbols and add new ones. SLDs can be exported from any type of renderer — single symbol, categorized, graduated or rule-based — but when importing an SLD, either a single symbol or rule-based renderer is created. That means that categorized or graduated styles are converted to rule-based. If you want to preserve those renderers, you have to stick to the QML format. On the other hand, it can be very handy sometimes to have this easy way of converting styles to rule-based. If the datasource of the layer is a database PostGIS or Spatialite for example , you can save your layer style inside a table of the database.

Just click on Save Style comboxbox and choose Save in database item then fill in the dialog to define a style name, add a description, an ui file and if the style is a default style. When loading a layer from the database, if a style already exists for this layer, QGIS will load the layer and its style. You can add several style in the database. Only one will be the default style anyway. Single Symbol Renderer The Single Symbol Renderer is used to render all features of the layer using a single user-defined symbol. The properties, which can be adjusted in the Style menu, depend partially on the type of layer, but all types share the following dialog structure.

In the top-left part of the menu, there is a preview of the current symbol to be rendered. On the right part of the menu, there is a list of symbols already defined for the current style, prepared to be used by selecting them from the list. The current symbol can be modified using the menu on the right side. Here, the layers are joined together. In any spinbox in this dialog you can enter expressions. Here a comment functionality is inserted. Negative value: red 0 value: yellow Positive value: green Each classes can be disabled unchecking the checkbox at the left of the class name. The [Advanced] button in the lower-right corner of the dialog allows you to set the fields containing rotation and size scale information.

For convenience, the center of the menu lists the values of all currently selected attributes together, including the symbols that will be rendered. Like the Categorized Renderer, the Graduated Renderer allows you to define rotation and size scale from specified columns. Click on Classify button to create classes using the choosen mode. In the properties Set column expression function. So dialog for vector layers, the attribute chooser has been augmented with a now you no longer need to write the classification attribute to a new column in your attribute table if you want the classification attribute to be a composite of multiple fields, or a formula of some sort.

The rules are based on SQL statements. The dialog allows rule grouping by filter or scale, and you can decide if you want to enable symbol levels or use only the first-matched rule. In the Rule properties dialog, you can define a label for the rule. Press the button to open the expression string builder. In the Function List, click on Fields and Values to view all attributes of the attribute table to be searched. To add an attribute to the field calculator Expression field, double click its name in the Fields and Values list. You can create a new rule by copying and pasting an existing rule with the right mouse button.

Since QGIS 2. Just double-klick the rules in the map legend and the Style menu of the layer properties appears showing the rule that is the background for the symbol in the tree. Point displacement The Point Displacement Renderer works to visualize all features of a point layer, even if they have the same location. To do this, the symbols of the points are placed on a displacement circle around a center symbol.

If you have used symbol layers, it is recommended to use the second setting. As before you can select subrenderers. These subrenderers are the same as for the main renderers. Tipp: Switch quickly between styles Heatmap With the Heatmap renderer you can create live dynamic heatmaps for multi point layers. You can specify the heatmap radius in pixels, mm or map units, choose a color ramp for the heatmap style and use a slider for selecting a tradeoff between render speed and quality.

When adding or removing a feature the heatmap renderer updates the heatmap style automatically. Color Picker Regardless the type of style to be used, the select color dialog will show when you click to choose a color - either border or fill color. This dialog has four different tabs which allow you to select colors by color wheel , color swatches or color picker color ramp ,. There is also an opacity slider to set transparency level.

On the lower left part of the dialog you can see a comparison between the current and the new color you are presently selecting and on the lower right part you have the option to add the color you just tweaked into a color slot button. With color ramp or with color wheel , you can browse to all possible color combinations. There are other possibilities though. By using color swatches you can choose from a preselected list. This selected list is populated with one of three methods: Recent colors, Standard colors or Project colors Another option is to use the color picker The pixels of your overlaying and underlaying layers are mixed through the settings described below.

Be aware that the results tend to be jagged and harsh. This mode is most useful for mixing the texture of one layer with another layer e. So, brighter top pixels cause the saturation and brightness of the underlying pixels to increase. In case of values above one in the case of RGB , white is displayed. This mode is suitable for highlighting features. Like lighten, the results tend to be jagged and harsh. The results are darker pictures. Burn can be used to tweak and colorise underlying layers. In the resulting picture, light parts become lighter and dark parts become darker. This is supposed to emulate shining a soft light onto an image.

Blending with black produces no change, as the difference with all colors is zero. In case of negative values, black is displayed. This new application also supports on-the-fly transformed layers. The core functions of the application have been redesigned. In QGIS, there are a number of other features that improve the labeling. Activate the layer in the legend and click on the icon in the QGIS toolbar menu. Layer Labeling Options The first step is to activate the Label this layer with checkbox and select an attribute column to use for labeling.

The following steps describe a simple labeling without using the Data defined override functions, which are situated next to the drop-down menus. Use the Type case option to influence the text rendering. Use the Formatted numbers option to format the numbers in an attribute table.

Here, decimal places may be inserted. If you enable this option, three decimal places are initially set by default. To create a buffer, just activate the Draw text buffer checkbox in the Buffer menu. The buffer color is variable. The buffer size is set by default here. The background then consists of the buffer plus the background in Size X and Size Y. When applying Radius X,Y, the background gets rounded corners. Use the Shadow menu for a user-defined Drop shadow. The drawing of the background is very variable. The Offset angle depends on the orientaUse global shadow checkbox, then the zero point of the angle is always tion of the label.

You can influence the appearance of the shadow with the Blur radius. The higher the number, the softer the shadows. Offset from point Choose the Placement menu for the label placement and the labeling priority. Using the setting, you now have the option to use Quadrants to place your label. Additionally, you can alter the angle of the label placement with the Rotation setting. Thus, a placement in a certain quadrant with a certain rotation is possible. In the priority section you can define with which priority the labels are rendered. It interacts with labels of the other vector layers in the map canvas.

If there are labels from different layers in the same location then the label with the higher priority will be displayed and the other will be left out. In the Rendering menu, you can define label and feature options. Under Label options, you find the scale-based Show all labels for visibility setting now. You can prevent QGIS from rendering only selected labels with the this layer including colliding labels checkbox. Under Feature options, you can define whether every part of a multipart feature is to be labeled.

After that, you can define the text style in the Text menu. Here, you can use the same settings as for point layers. Also, in the Formatting menu, the same settings as for point layers are possible. In the Placement menu, you find special settings for line layers. The label can be placed or Horizontal. In that case, QGIS will look for the optimal position of the label.

Remember that here you can also use the line orientation for the position of the label. You can set up a minimum distance for repeating labels. Distance can be in mm or in map units. As for point vector layers you have the possibility to define a Priority for the labels. The Rendering menu has nearly the same entries as for point layers. In the Feature options, you can now Suppress labeling of features smaller than. Labeling polygon layers The first step is to activate the Label this layer checkbox and select an attribute column to use for labeling.

In the Text menu, define the text style. The entries are the same as for point and line layers. The Formatting menu allows you to format multiple lines, also similar to the cases of point and line layers. As with point and line layers, you can create a text buffer in the Buffer menu. Use the Background menu to create a complex user-defined background for the polygon layer. You can use the menu also as with the point and line layers.

The entries in the Shadow menu are the same as for point and line layers. Horizontal slow , Around centroid, Free and Using perimeter are possible. Offset from centroid, In the Offset from centroid settings, you can specify if the centroid is of the visible polygon or whole polygon. That means that either the centroid is used for the polygon you can see on the map or the centroid is determined for the whole polygon, no matter if you can see the whole feature on the map.

You can place your label with the quadrants here, and define offset and rotation. The Around centroid setting makes it possible to place the label around the centroid with a certain distance. Again, you can define visible polygon or whole polygon for the centroid. With the Using perimeter settings, you can define a position and a distance for the label.

For the position, are possible. Above line, On line, Below line and Line orientation dependent position Related to the choice of Label Placement, several options will appear. As for Point Placement you can choose the distance for the polygon outline, repeat the label around the polygon perimeter. As for point and line vector layers you have the possibility to define a Priority for the polygon vector layer.

The entries in the Rendering menu are the same as for line layers. You can also use Suppress labeling of features smaller than in the Feature options. Define labels based on expressions 94 Chapter Just click the icon in the dialog. Expression based labeling is easy to work with. If the population value in field 96 Chapter Using data-defined override for labeling With the data-defined override functions, the settings for the labeling are overridden by entries in the attribute table.

You can activate and deactivate the function with the right-mouse button.

Hover over the symbol and you see the information about the data-defined override, including the current definition field. Import lakes. Double-click the layer to open the Layer Properties. Click on Labels and Placement. Select centroid. Offset from 3. Look for the Data defined entries. Click the icon to define the field type for the Coordinate.

The icons are now highlighted in yellow. Zoomen Sie auf einen See. Go to the Label toolbar and click the icon. The buttons New Column and Delete Column can be used when the dataset is in Vektorlayereigenschaften Editing mode. Column type must be text. You can select a custom format, pop-up a calendar, etc. Der Anwender kann den Inhalt nicht sehen. Das Bearbeitungselement kann entweder ein Schieber oder ein Drehfeld sein.

See Creating one to many relations. Der Wert ist im Attribut gespeichert, die Beschreibung wird in der Kombobox gezeigt. You can select layer, key column and value column. It is tricky but it is very well explained in following excellent blog that explains how to create a real time validation widget that can be used like described widgets. This is usefull for data entry jobs or to identify objects using the option auto open form when you have objects with many attributes.

You can create an editor with several tabs and named groups to present the attribute fields. When creating a new category, QGIS will insert a new tab or named group for the category in the built-in form. The next step will be to assign the relevant fields to a selected category with the icon. You can create more categories and use the same fields again.

Using a UI-file allows a great deal of freedom in creating a dialog. QGIS dialogs can have a Python function that is called when the dialog is opened. Use this function to add extra logic to your dialogs. An example is in module MyForms. The scale can also be set by the [Current] buttons. This can improve rendering times when drawing many complex features at small scales. This feature can be enabled or disabled in the layer settings using the Simplify geometry option. There is also a new global setting that enables generalisation by default for newly added layers see section Optionen.

Note: Feature generalisation may introduce artefacts into your rendered output Chapter These may include slivers between polygons and inaccurate rendering when using offset-based symbol layers. While you can still choose a Field to be displayed when hovering over a feature on the map, it is now possible to insert HTML code that creates a complex display when hovering over a feature. This can be used to perform any number of actions, for example, running a program with arguments built from the attributes of a feature or passing parameters to a web reporting tool.

Es gibt verschiedene Beispiele in diesem Dialog. Dieses Konzept wird in der folgenden Diskussion verwendet. Gehen Sie zu den Aktionseigenschaften. If you have field names that are substrings of other field names e. The brackets will be removed by QGIS when it substitutes in the value of the field. Using the Identify Features tool, you can open the Identify Results dialog. It includes a Derived item that contains information relevant to the layer type. The values in this item can be accessed in a similar way to the other fields by preceeding the derived field name with Derived..

The derived attributes are only available from the Identify Results dialog box, not the Attribute Table dialog box. Beachten Sie das die Anwendung oder das Skript das von der Anwendung aufgerufen wird im Pfad sein muss oder den vollen Pfad vermitteln muss. To invoke an action, right click on the record and choose the action from the pop-up menu. Actions are listed in the popup menu by the name you assigned when defining the action. Click on the action you wish to invoke. Here is another example that pulls data out of a vector layer and inserts it into a file using bash and the echo command so it will only work on or perhaps.

We would like to be able to make a spatial selection of localities and export these field values to a text file for the selected record shown in yellow in the QGIS map area. Laden Sie den Layer file:lakes. Open the Layer Properties dialog by double-clicking on the layer in the legend, or right-click and choose Properties from the pop-up menu. Google Search.

To finalize the action, click the [Add to action list] button. This completes the action, and it is ready to use. Stellen Sie sicher, dass der Layer lakes in der Legende aktiviert ist. Nun identifizieren Sie einen See. In der Ergebnisanzeige sollte nun die Aktion sichtbar sein: Figure It is also possible to add further attribute fields to the ac- Chapter In this example, there is just no other field available that would make sense to search for.

You can define multiple actions for a layer, and each will show up in the Identify Results dialog. Sie sehen, man kann sich eine Vielzahl interessanter Aktionen ausdenken. Wenn Sie z. Man kann auch zu bestimmten Attributen webbasierte Information ablegen z. Python Aktionen verwenden. Was aber wenn der relative Pfad relativ zur gespeicherten Projektdatei sein muss? After clicking , the Add vector join dialog appears.

As key columns, you have to define a join layer you want to connect with the Then, you have to specify the join field that is common to both the join layer and the target layer. Now you can also specify a subset of fields from the joined layer based on the checkbox Choose which fields are joined. As a result of the join, all information from the join layer and the target layer are displayed in the attribute table of the target layer as joined information. If you specified a subset of fields only these fields are displayed in the attribute table of the target layer.

The current core implementation of diagrams provides support for pie charts, text diagrams and histograms. The menu is divided into four tabs: Appearance, Size, Postion and Options. In the Size tab, diagram size is based on a fixed size or on linear scaling according to a classification attribute.

The placement of the diagrams, which is done in the Position tab, interacts with the new labeling, so position conflicts between diagrams and labels are detected and solved. In addition, chart positions can be fixed manually. First, click on the shape layers alaska. Display diagrams, and from the Diagram type combo box, 4. You can adapt the chart size in the Size tab. Deactivate the Fixed size and set the size of the diagrams on the basis of an attribute with the [Find maximum value] button and the Size menu. If the diagrams appear Increase size of small diagrams checkbox and define the 9.

Change the attribute colors by double clicking on the color values in the Assigned attributes field. The size and the attributes can also be an expression. Use the chapter for more information and example. In the Properties section, you get general information about the layer, including specifics about the type and location, number of features, feature type, and editing capabilities. This is a quick way to get information about the layer. Additionally, you can add or edit a title and abstract for the layer in the Description section.

These keyword lists can be used in a metadata catalogue. If you want to use a title from an XML metadata file, you have to fill in a link in the DataUrl field. Use Attribution to get attribute data from an XML metadata catalogue. They are a powerful way to manipulate attribute value in order to dynamically change the final value in order to change the geometry style, the content of the label, the value for diagram, select some feature or create virtual column.

View the help function in the Selected Function Help. In Expression you see the calculation expressions you create with the Function List. For the most commonly used operators, see Operators. To add an attribute to the Field calculator Expression field, double click its name in the Fields and Values list. Generally, you can use the various fields, values and functions to construct the calculation expression, or you can just type it into the box. To display the values of a field, you just right click on the appropriate field.

You can choose between Load top 10 unique values and Load all unique values. On the right side, the Field Values list opens with the unique values. To add a value to the Field calculator Expression box, double click its name in the Field Values list. In Operators, you find mathematical operators. Look in Math for mathematical functions. The Conversions group contains functions that convert one data type to another. The String group provides functions for data strings.

In the Geometry group, you find functions for geometry objects. With Record group functions, you can add a numeration to your data set. Operatoren This group contains operators e. Zeichenketten zu Ganzzahlen oder umgekehrt. Calculations are in the Spatial Reference System of this Geometry returns the maximum x coordinate of a geometry. Calculations are in the Spatial Reference System of this Geometry returns the minimum y coordinate of a geometry.

Calculations are in the Spatial Reference System of this Geometry returns the maximum y coordinate of a geometry. Calculations are in the Spatial Reference System of this Geometry. Each UUID is 38 characters long. Felder und Werte Contains a list of fields from the layer. Sample values can also be accessed via right-click. Select the field name from the list, then right-click to access a context menu with options to load sample values from the selected field.

Fields name should be double-quoted. Values or string should be simple-quoted. The last person to save their edits wins. The snapping tolerance setting affects all tools that work with tolerance. You can also define a default snapping tolerance and a search radius for vertex edits. The tolerance can be set either in map units or in pixels. In our small digitizing project working with the Alaska dataset , we define the snapping units in feet.

Your results may vary, but something on the order of ft at a scale of should be a reasonable setting. So, if you need to edit one layer and snap its vertices to another layer, then enable snapping only on the snap to layer, then decrease the global snapping tolerance to a smaller value. Furthermore, snapping will never occur to a layer that is not checked in the snapping options dialog, regardless of the global snapping tolerance.

So be sure to mark the checkbox for those layers that you need to snap to. In most cases it is sufficient to use this snapping mode. Suchradius Search radius is the distance QGIS uses to search for the closest vertex you are trying to move when you click on the map. Snap tolerance and search radius are set in map units or pixels, so you may find you need to experiment to get them set right. If you specify too big of a tolerance, QGIS may snap to the wrong vertex, especially if you are dealing with a large number of vertices in close proximity. This avoids waiting while all the vertex markers are rendered across the entire layer.

Zooming and panning with the mouse wheel While digitizing, you can press the mouse wheel to pan inside of the main window, and you can roll the mouse wheel to zoom in and out on the map. For zooming, place the mouse cursor inside the map area and roll it forward away from you to zoom in and backwards towards you to zoom out. The mouse cursor position will be the Chapter Panning with the arrow keys Panning the map during digitizing is possible with the arrow keys.

Place the mouse cursor inside the map area, and click on the right arrow key to pan east, left arrow key to pan west, up arrow key to pan north, and down arrow key to pan south. You can also use the space bar to temporarily cause mouse movements to pan the map. The PgUp and PgDown keys on your keyboard will cause the map display to zoom in or out without interrupting your digitizing session.

It is for quicker digitizing of adjacent polygons. If you already have one polygon, it is possible with this option to digitize the second one such that both intersect, and QGIS then cuts the second polygon to the common boundary. This is a safeguard to avoid accidentally editing a layer if there is a slip of the mouse. However, you can choose to edit any layer as long as the data provider supports it, and the underlying data source is writable i.

In general, tools for editing vector layers are divided into a digitizing and an advanced digitizing toolbar, described in section Erweiterte Digitalisierung. You can select and unselect both under This can be found in the context menu after right clicking on the legend entry for a given layer.

Toggle editing Alternatively, you can use the Toggle Editing button from the digitizing toolbar to start or stop the editing mode. Once the layer is in edit mode, markers will appear at the vertices, and additional tool buttons on the editing toolbar will become available. This will also check that your data source can accept all the changes. Objekte digitalisieren You can use the digitizing mode. To digitize the geometry, left-click on the map area to create the first point of your new feature.

For lines and polygons, keep on left-clicking for each additional point you wish to capture. When you have finished adding points, right-click anywhere on the map area to confirm you have finished entering the geometry of that feature. The attribute window will appear, allowing you to enter the information for the new feature. Suppress attributes pop-up windows after each created feature and Reuse last entered Figure Because of this, it is not possible to enter a number into a text column in the dialog Enter Attribute Values or vice versa.

If you need to do so, you should edit the attributes in a second step within the Attribute table dialog. Current Edits This feature allows the digitization of multiple layers. Choose you made in multiple layers. You also have the opportunity to Save for Selected Layers to save all changes Rollback for Selected Layers, so that the digitization may be withdrawn for all selected layers. If you want to stop editing the selected layers, for Selected Layer s is an easy way. It is possible to simply select multiple vertices at once and to move, add or delete them altogether.

This tool is, unlike other tools in QGIS, persistent, so when some operation is done, selection stays active for this feature and tool. If the node tool is unable to find any features, a warning will be displayed. Otherwise, QGIS will not be able to tell which vertex is being edited. To change the marker style, choose Options from the Settings menu, click on the Digitizing tab and select the appropriate entry.

Node Tool and selecting a feature by clicking on it. When a vertex is selected, its color changes to blue. To add more vertices to the current selection, hold down the Ctrl key while clicking. Hold down Ctrl or Shift when clicking to toggle the selection state of vertices vertices that are currently unselected will be selected as usual, but also vertices that are already selected will become unselected.

Note that you cannot use the Node Tool to delete a complete feature; QGIS will ensure it retains the minimum number of vertices for the feature type you are working on. To delete a complete feature use the Editierfunktionen Delete Selected tool. Click on a selected vertex or edge and drag in the direction you wish to move. All the selected vertices will move together. If snapping is enabled, the whole selection can jump to the nearest vertex or line.

Each change made with the node tool is stored as a separate entry in the Undo dialog. Remember that all operations support topological editing when this is turned on. On-the-fly projection is also supported, and the node tool provides tooltips to identify a vertex by hovering the pointer over it. Features can also be pasted to external applications as text. When would the copy and paste function come in handy? Why would we want to do this? Als Beispiel werden wir einige Seen in einen neuen Layer kopieren: 1.

Stellen Sie die Quelle aktiv, indem Sie es in der Legende anklicken 5.