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Note, Ubuntu evolves with every new release and yaboot parameters you may need for one release may not be required for the next release. To take advantage of improvements you should retest your graphics setup after an upgrade. To solve graphics problems it helps to know what sort of video card you have. If you don't know what you have, you can look up your computer at Apple or Everymac. Though typing lspci at the terminal prompt should give you the information you need.

Framebuffers are used to display things like the text console and splash screen, but they are also crucial in determining if suspend or brightness keys work. Offb is a basic framebuffer with typically a very limited palette and no suspend. You add a yaboot parameter also known as a boot or kernel parameter after whatever you normally type at the yaboot prompt. See this Ubuntu bug report , particularly comment Don't worry yet , keep reading for alternatives.

KMS supposedly provides an improved graphical boot with less flickering, a built-in framebuffer console, seamless switching from the console to Xorg, and other features. To achieve this, KMS moves some of the responsibility for selecting and setting up the graphics mode from the Xorg to the kernel. KMS can be problematic so if you have one of these cards then one of the first things you should try is turning off KMS. For nVidia cards use the yaboot parameter nouveau. Note the openfirmware framebuffer has a limited colour depth - hence the 'psychedelic' colours you will see.

You can increase the colour depth with fbdev by using a different framebuffer such as nouveaufb or the legacy framebuffers nvidiafb or rivafb and creating an xorg. For radeon cards use radeon. Radeon users before Non-KMS support was removed entirely from the radeon xorg driver in The boot parameter 'nomodeset' can be used instead of radeon.

To force a nouveau framebuffer mode e. This has been known to solve problems with some nVidia cards and nouveau. Gentoo have more on phantom outputs with nouveau and other suggestions for you to try , see here. See the bottom of this link for an explanation. The official guide suggests a different way, see the bottom of this page.

Note, you will have to perform extra steps to use these framebuffer in some versions of Ubuntu as they are not always built in to the kernel - see below. It is possible to combine yaboot parameters. For example: Linux radeon. Forcing a mode may fix some splash problems? The yaboot parameter radeon. To check if a framebuffer is built in look at the config files in the boot directory.

If no other framebuffer is available at boot time then you may get a frozen or blank screen until the Xorg server starts. For background information on framebuffers see here , but you'll have to filter out any details relating to grub as PowerPC does not use this.

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It also gives some information about the command fbset. This allows you to show or change framebuffer settings from the console. You can check if a framebuffer is working by booting into single user mode. A boot parameter that you'll find reading forums is nosplash probably a throw back from when the splash screen was done with usplash rather than plymouth. However, if you want to disable the splash screen it is better to use one of the nosplash options on the CD if you can. Press TAB at the yaboot prompt to find these.

The only reliable way to disable the splash screen on an installed PowerPC system is to remove the word 'splash' from the yaboot. It is also worth opening the yaboot. Note, yaboot parameters don't always work with the live cds, but you will still be able to install using the alternate or mini cds. However, other parameters may not be copied so this is something you need to check after an install. Add the desired parameter into the quotes, or remove the word splash if you want to disable the splash screen.

Every parameter inside the quotes should be separated by a space. For example, adding radeon. If you have a distorted picture, a poor resolution, poor colours or can't boot past a command line login then you may need to setup an xorg. For a more comprehensive guide have a look here or the xorg. To setup an xorg. Sample xorg. These can sometimes save you reading the documentation, but some of them are not the best setup that's a polite way of putting it! If you still want to use them then download the file using the wget command at the bottom of the appropriate page.

Reboot using "sudo reboot". It is not hard though to setup your own xorg. Some instructions for setting up an xorg. Then type: sudo Xorg -configure sudo mv xorg. Also, you can probably ignore any errors from the command, such as "number of created screens does not match number of detected devices", as it will still generate an xorg. It just means you will have to delete some sections of the xorg. At this point you may be freaking out a bit because it does look complicated when you are new to this sort of thing!

EndSection To solve graphics problems we are mainly interested in the "Monitor", "Device" and "Screen" sections. Assuming you have a standard single monitor setup, then you probably only want 1 of each of these sections so you may have to delete some sections if it gives you two. If you have an Apple computer then the section you want to keep will have radeon, ati, r, nouveau or nv written in the Driver entry what is written depends on your graphics card.

There are no proprietary non-free drivers for ppc. Above the Driver entry will be the Identifier entry. The "Monitor" and "Screen" sections also have Identifier entries. The "Screen" section has entries to reference the "Monitor" and "Device" sections as it's purpose is to bind the monitor to a graphics card.

You want to keep the "Screen" section that references the identifier of the "Device" section that you are keeping. It will probably work out that you are keeping the sections "Card0", "Monitor0" and "Screen0". You can rename these identifiers to something meaningful if you prefer. The highest level section is the "ServerLayout" section. When you delete sections you will have to change the "ServerLayout" section to reflect any changes. A shortened xorg. For clarity, the font, module and input device sections have been deleted which you can also safely do.

Note, the lines starting are comments and don't do anything. Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "X. A description of some errors can be found here. There are a lot of warning messages at the start so it may be easier to start at the bottom of the log and work up. Messages about fonts can just be ignored.


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Please see the sections below for card specific errors. If your resolutions have been incorrectly detected out of range message in the Xorg. You must use this exactly whenever you refer to the mode in the xorg. You often see people shorten the name to "x" in which case it overrides the built-in mode. For example: Modeline "x" An example "Screen" section where modes have been explicitly stated is below: Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "Card0" Monitor "Monitor0" DefaultDepth 24 x will be the default mode because it is first in the list.

The modes will apply to all colour depths because a 'Depth' entry has not been specified. If you are using KMS then you may find that your preferred mode has been ignored. If this is the case, set the mode name so that it overrides the built-in mode. For more information on how to use the xrandr command see here.

The GUI utility xvidtune can be used to see how to adjust the numbers in modelines. An alternative to adding modelines is to specify VertRefresh and HorizSync values for your monitor. You can also find them out using the ddcprobe command. The monitor range is shown at the bottom of the output. For example The first pair in this example is your HorizSync rate and the second pair is your VertRefresh rate. The Monitor section using these values would look like this: Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" HorizSync VertRefresh EndSection If you have a G3 iMac then the values you get from the ddcprobe command are likely to be too restrictive.

Use the values and instead. Note, settings stored in PRAM impact geometry. Monitor sections may be tied to specific outputs of the video card. This will also enable DRI on some low memory graphics cards. If you have configured your own xorg. Make sure to also look at the EXA manual if your card uses this as it contains some extra options you can use.

XAA options are in the xorg. Look at the xorg. EE Screen s found, but none have a usable configuration. If you are using An alternative "fix" for the framebuffer error can be done through the xorg. Possibly this is the cause of some problems. You will likely see a message like this note the 0x mode in your dmesg log: atyfb However, without DRI, both desktop effects and applications will be software-rendered, which will be slow.

You can find the latest source code here. The compat API was designed in such a way that it's backwards compatible with old X servers so it should compile in Use the flags "--enable-exa --enable-xaa" if necessary. This bug is tracking PowerPC issues. Nvidia cards There are no proprietary drivers for PowerPC so please ignore any well meaning advice to install them using the jockey-gtk utility it will more than likely just crash when you try to open it anyway.

If you can only successfully boot using the yaboot parameter "nouveau. Ammend the xorg. From Compile instructions are in this post. You cannot use a binary package of nv from a previous version of Ubuntu. If you get the error ' EE Failed to load module "nv" module does not exist, 0 ' in your Xorg. To continue to use it in Please try using the newer 'nouveau' driver first although you may find nv faster.

If your firefox pages are not rendered correctly with nouveau, then some users e. If you can't get the version of nouveau that is in the ubuntu repositories working then there is a tutorial to compile the latest nouveau driver here. You'll have to adjust some of the instructions for PowerPC. LTS versions have updated packages available e.

If you can't get the nouveau xorg driver working and compiling nv is not an option then you will have to use the fbdev driver. To overcome the limited palette of the offb framebuffer, use the nouveaufb, nvidiafb or rivafb framebuffers. With In the device section of my xorg. If you experience choppy scrolling in firefox can occur when you turn off KMS then it is worth experimenting with the AccelMethod option. Under However, you may find that "XAA" is better. EXA uses less processor power but under I've only found two things that make a big difference.

The second is to turn on HyperZ. This isn't done in xorg. I have no idea what this actually does, only it makes the numbers go up in glxgears!


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You may also like to enable the ClockGating and DynamicPM settings as they reduce heat output and increase battery life. There are many many web pages which offer extra help for example, see the links on the compiz ati hardware page , but - like for all linux - you will have to assess if the information is still relevant and valid.

Note, if you are still using Usperspace Modesetting radeon. See this thread to enable S-video. If you want to experiment with KMS you should turn it on with the radeon. Note, the KMS radeon framebuffer will be listed in logs as radeondrmfb. If you are using a KMS framebuffer nouveaufb or radeondrmfb then try increasing the framebuffer depth using a yaboot parameter s instead of through an xorg.

How do I restart the X server? On some installations logging out and logging in again will work. You can also restart the X server by first switching to a tty console ctrl-alt-F1 etc. Therefore, if the framebuffer you want has been compiled as a module instead of 'built in' to the kernel it will not be automatically loaded.

This will make the module available early in the boot process. You'll probably have to install the mesa-utils package first: sudo apt-get install mesa-utils See this answer and also the DRI wiki page for how to interpret the results. If you have a multi-user setup then you may need to add the following section to your xorg.

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See this wiki for information on this, as well as, more troubleshooting tips. It has a good section on how to interpret Xorg. Install compiz config settings manager to enable more effects. Kubuntu can use Xrender or OpenGL for desktop effects. Make sure you are using the appropriate setting it will revert to Xrender if 3D hardware acceleration is disabled. If you are using Xubuntu then turning on the Composite feature will give you effects like transparency and shadows. You can set the opacity of the Terminal through it's Preferences menu item.

I also use the gl ant spotlight screensaver to test my xorg. It almost always freezes the computer when I select the preview button so I set the activation time to its lowest setting to test the screensaver. To test your 2D acceleration try various web pages the Ubuntu wikis and forums are good tests. It's probably more useful to you to achieve smooth scrolling in Firefox than a high number in glxgears.

Note, in See bug. These cards will use the software rasterizer in See the There are packages that cannot be included into Ubuntu for legal reasons copyright, license, patent, etc. It is easy to install these however, this is how: Open the terminal and type sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras This will download a whole load of stuff around MB including codecs, Mircrosoft fonts, gnash flash support , and openjdk java. A license aggreement screen pops up for the MS fonts which you will need to accept press the TAB key if you are having a hard time selecting the OK option. You can nolonger add Medibuntu as a repository on PowerPC, but you can still download the files individually.

This is what I had to do to get my DVD drive to work. More codecs can be downloaded from Medibuntu. Note: The Medibuntu repository was discontinued in autumn and the files are no longer available there. You can still find copies of the files floating around, such as here. You could compile libdvdcss from the source package. Or maybe use the package at debian multimedia. How do I get faster Java? These can be easily used with OpenJDK and packages are available in the repositories.

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See the Java community wiki for further information about these options. There are, however, two open source flash players still under development: gnash and lightspark. Note, swfdec is nolonger under development. Lightspark uses advanced OpenGL techniques that requires good support from video drivers.

It will work best in newer versions of Ubuntu and with Kernel Mode Setting? Lightspark also uses pulseaudio as it's default audio backend. Pulseaudio is not installed on a default Lubuntu installation, so if you want sound you will have to install it or compile a version of lightspark with alsa as the audio backend?

You can install gnash and lightspark alongside each other since lightspark likes to 'fallback' onto gnash to play old swf files, but don't enable both the gnash firefox plugin and the lightspark plugin at the same time. You may want install a browser extension that blocks flash content on websites because gnash CPU usage is high even for simple adverts. I hate my laptop fan coming on so I try to run my iBook as cool as possible at all times. Even if you haven't got gnash installed you may like the extension Ablock Plus.

However, don't go over the top by installing many similar extensions as it will just slow your browser down. If you want to experiment with gnash in Lightspark does not appear in the list because it goes under the name of "flash-mozilla. However, as far as I can tell Lightspark does not work with Midori anyway because it uses Webkit and not Gecko. Gnash works with Midori. If you want to do debugging run the browser from the terminal. It is the least impressive demonstration ever! This thread offers more advice on watching YouTube, Vimeo, etc plus extra troubleshooting advice for playing videos.

Gecko-mediaplayer is a plugin that allows Firefox to play videos and audio using gnome-mplayer. Totem and VLC are alternative mediaplayers with their own firefox plugins. This works quite well for videos coded in H. You'll need Midori, rekonq or Epiphany browsers for H. WebM can be played in Firefox 4 and beyond, Opera, Midori, rekonq and Epiphany, but for me the playback is choppy similar to gnash. Vimeo uses H. Versions of Firefox 23 and beyond can play H. To download and watch BBC Iplayer programmes there is get-iplayer.

This YouTube video describes how to use wireshark to do this, but there are other ways which you can find by doing a search. I find wireshark quite addictive and find myself trying to crack the rtmp address even if I don't have to! You can download a stream using rtmpdump, or pipe the output to a media player, but gnome-mplayer will also accept the rtmp addresss directly in the 'Open location' menu item. The uber minimalist way to watch media is using the command line program mplayer.

You can downloaded the file first or pass an url to mplayer. You can even use this without a GUI! To play music the cool people use MPD. MPC is a simple command line client for this, although you can use a web browser or mobile phone too! You can also change the user agent string of your browser so that you are delivered non-flash content. There is a firefox extension to do this. Midori works really well on some news web sites and allows you to watch video clips that would be otherwise unwatchable.

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Copy and paste one of the following strings in update these please! Don't get hung up on the website that you can't use, but instead support the websites you can access. Realplayer RealPlayer requires a couple of packages from Ubuntu. Download the file. It will probably download to your Desktop. Open a terminal, and change your location to the Desktop: cd Desktop and enter.

Now type the following and press enter to make the installer executable. Defaults are fine. Type realplay in a terminal and RealPlayer will start. Drivers and Hardware Will my wireless work? Airport Classic The original Airport wireless cards are supposed to work straight out of the box, however, depending on your wifi network setup and the interference from other networks you may have to use a couple of workarounds: If you are using WEP security then try using the 8.

If you've kept your Mac OS up-to-date this should be the last version of firmware flashed onto the airport card. Later versions are stored in a file and loaded onto the card by the driver when the computer starts. Following a reboot, you can find the version of flashed firmware by typing at a terminal: dmesg grep airport Top tip: if you want to make this permanent then the correct ting to do would be to use dpkg-divert, otherwise an update to the firmware package could re-instate the file.

If you are using WPA security then the firmware has to be v9. So to use WPA you must have the fimware file in the correct place. If your connection repeatedly drops out, or you can't connect at all this could be the problem. Read the other checks below, maybe try a different version of firmware , or try installing wicd.

Please edit this documentation with any extra useful information. For the technically minded, you can find further information see the known issues section about airport classic here. Airport Extreme If you have an airport extreme card then you need to download the firmware note, you need to be plugged into an Ethernet cable to do this, or copy the files from a computer with internet access before you install Ubuntu : If you haven't already done so, run the command: sudo apt-get update 8.

The command will download the appropriate firmware file for you card. Most Unplug your ethernet cable and you should now see your wireless networks or after a reboot. Further information about airport extreme can be found here. A note about routers Some cards only broadcast at This probably will cause problems when trying to connect to a router that is G-only. Often, this is a simple fix: 1 Log in to your router through a browser. See your router's documentation for specific info.

For example, for some Linksys routers, go to " Hopefully everything will work! What to check if you don't have wifi Right click on the network applet icon right click is F12 on my machine because I only have one button on my trackpad and tick 'Enable Networking', 'Enable Wireless' and 'Enable Notifications'. This will add your user to the netdev group. You will need to reboot for this to take effect. Note, it is not always necessary to join the netdev group.

Make the connection available to all users When you connect to your network you'll be asked to enter a password for the default keyring. I always seem to get in a mess with these, but I think the recommended thing is to enter your account password for this so you don't keep having to enter it. I now make the connection available to all users to get around this. Click on the network applet icon and select 'Edit Connections Go to the Wireless tab and select your network from the list.

Click "Edit Enter your Ubuntu user account password if prompted. Make sure "Connect automatically" and "Available to all users" are ticked. Click Apply and then Close. If in the future you need to delete the keyring this is how: Open File Manager, click 'View' and select 'Show Hidden'. Double-click on. Delete the appropriate file. Install wicd If you don't have wireless still or you are losing connections repeatedly then try installing wicd. At a terminal type the following commands note, you need to be plugged into an Ethernet cable : If you haven't already done so, run the command: sudo apt-get update Then the commands: sudo apt-get install wicd sudo apt-get remove network-manager You will get some message about network-manager-gnome that it asks if you want to remove too.

You should reply yes to this. If you are asked to join the netdev group you should do this. Next, open up wicd which should be in your applications area, find your network, click properties and enter the password in. Click connect. Still no wireless? Then reboot without the Ethernet cable connected. Untick the wicd applet. Or you can create new icons for it. If you have installed Lubuntu or Xubuntu after If you have installed a version of Xubuntu before This is why the basic text editor 'nano' tends to get used in commands!

See this thread. How do I control trackpad and right-click behaviour? To change how a trackpad behaves see the Synaptics Touchpad community documentation. You can also use the program GSynaptics, edit your xorg. Another option could be to create a script which runs the commands you want at startup. Use the command xinput list to find out if you have a Synaptics or ADB mouse touchpad as this will determine your options.

With an ADB mouse touchpad you can use the command trackpad. For example: To enable tap, run: sudo trackpad tap To disable tap, run: sudo trackpad notap See man trackpad for more details. Mouseemu is the daemon that emulates right and middle click and can also block the trackpad when typing. You must prefix the mouseemu and showkey commands with sudo.


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See askubuntu question. Right-click is set to F12 by default. When this occurs, it also stops me switching to a console e. The touchpad may seem unresponsive or the cursor moves in "steps" 90 degree movements which make it difficult to use. A solution is to compile the appletouch driver, adjusting some settings in appletouch.

There is no need to mess with samba or create users. See the community documentation on Network Printing. Keyboard backlight For the light sensor and keyboard controls to work properly, the system must load the kernel module i2c-dev before starting pbbuttonsd. At the time of the If you have a nvidia card and are using the nv driver then you maybe able to do something similar with the non-KMS nvidia framebuffers to get suspend and screen brightness keys working see old bug reports and Hibernate is available with radeon KMS so you can follow the instructions to enable hibernate.

You can also install powerprefs a graphical frontend to pbbuttonsd to manage suspend etc. You may have to adjust your gnome power preferences settings so they don't clash. There is no guarantee that suspend or hibernate will work or be reliable! See this debian message thread for useful tips on pbbuttonsd. See relevant questions for solutions. CPU scaling reduces the processor speed when the computer is idle or not doing a lot. It can save battery power and reduces heat so you won't have the fan coming on so much.

However, the 'ondemand' kernel governor for processor scaling does not work with G3 and G4 processors in To overcome this, I use the powernowd package to perform the same function as the ondemand governor on my G4. Unfortunately, powernowd has been removed from More information about powernowd can be found here. Note, processor scaling is not available in linux for all PowerPC processors.

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Also, you may have to reinstall powernowd after an upgrade as it is likely to be automatically uninstalled. An analysis of frequency scaling can be found here. As you will read, the effectiveness of frequency scaling is very much dependant on what tasks your computer is running and sometimes is counter-productive. First make sure you are using the correct module for your computer.

Some modules are detailed in this post. The latest information can be found in a series of threads on the Linuxppc-dev mailing list. If you find your fan is coming on a lot then this is often a sign that your computer is working hard. New users who are not used to their fan coming on think there is something wrong with their fan settings.

It is often the case that the fan is working correctly and the computer is just getting hot. Not all sensor applets work with PowerPC. The command displays system resources and a list of processes currently being managed by the Linux kernel. If you see "0. Many PowerPC processors can take advantage of CPU frequency scaling see question above and this can keep your computer running cooler. You can also adjust the hard drive see hdparm and hdparm. Use the modinfo command to find out the parameters that you can pass.

I 'stole' based most of the following from the sticky thread on the Ubuntu Studio forum! Hopefully you're now enjoying your new PowerPC Ubuntu system. Maybe you've stopped to think "I wonder how all these wonderful tools came to be Having a large group of individuals to help build Ubuntu creates a network of checks and balances, not to mention lighter work for everyone.

Who me? Yes, You. You may hold the common misconception that because you don't know how to program, you're no good to the development community, but nothing could be further from the truth. No matter what your level of expertise with Ubuntu you can lend a hand. Every level of Ubuntu user can help the communiy in some way. Here's a few examples please don't feel limited to these suggestions just to get you started: 1. The Absolute Beginner you're just finding your way around, learning, and noticing the layout : Stick around the forums and answer any questions you can just reading the posts will help educate yourself Even absolute beginners can help edit the community documentation.

Many of the directions here suffer from a lack of eyes, leading to unclear instructions - if you find some please tell someone or even edit it for the better yourself. Editing a wiki is easier than you may think, and you don't have to ask anyone's permission to do so. The Novice User this isn't the first version of ubuntu you've used, you're able to get most work done that you need to : Document, document, document; head on over to the community docs and start editing for the better many sections of these documents need substantial work and we'd love all the help you can offer.

If you think the PowerPC documentation including this wiki is missing something, could be improved etc - then go ahead and make that improvement. The idea is to make the install easier for the next person. Regularly test ISO builds. The lubuntu-qa team is a great place to start and keep track of testing dates and deadlines, but you don't have to join a mailing list to test just sign yourself up on the tracker.

Document, document, document! The Hacker you've compiled a kernel for yourself, don't need any directions for most system modifications, and generally prefer to use the terminal See 'The Advanced User' points. Join a dev mailing list and introduce yourself Log into irc. This holds any release specific workarounds. Please feel free to add to the list, but note this is not a substitute for proper bug reporting or a page to moan and complain! Since PowerPC is not mentioned at all on the main Ubuntu site it is a common mistake for people to try and use the i CD!

Have you chosen correctly? For the alternate and desktop CDs you will choose what type of kernel to boot at the yaboot prompt. If you have a G5 are you using the 64 bit version? Have you tried running the commands 'md5sum' and 'sha1sum' to see if the checksums are correct? These will make sure the iso has downloaded correctly. Have you burned the CD at the lowest possible speed? See the burning iso how to wiki for instructions. This old guide describes how to boot the CD if your mac does not react to the 'C' key.

If you have copied the ISO to a USB stick see this question or are using an external drive then you will have to ammend the openfirmware command you type. Due to this bug you will probably have to boot the ISO through openfirmware with your device. Ubuntu boots to a command line, hangs during boot, or blank screen etc. The key is not to panic, but take a methodical approach. Do a quick check of your hardware!

Make sure that your video cables are plugged in correctly and also try booting with them in different sockets! Ubuntu may be outputting on a different port to that which you normally use. As strange as it may seem, on some computers not all if the date is set far back in the past because of a flat internal battery then you may get a blank screen. You can use yaboot parameters to temporarily overcome this and let the computer pickup the time from the network , but the best permanent solution maybe to buy a replacement battery? More feedback is needed on this. My iBook with a radeon card has no problem with being back in the s!

If you've previously booted fine, but an update has caused the computer to stop booting then try using temporarily the previous kernel. At the yaboot prompt type: old Try disabling the spash screen as this has been reported to cause problems with some machines. If you are using a CD then select one of the nosplash options at the yaboot prompt press the TAB key to get your options.

A comprehensive guide to configuring graphics is given in the section above. To boot into single user mode, add the word 'single' to what you normally type at the yaboot prompt. In earlier versions of Ubuntu this will boot into a menu you can get the menu in Single user mode or a command line login is useful for setting up an xorg. If you are new to linux then typing commands may seem unnatural and scary, but they allow instructions to be written with a greater level of precision and speed.

Most of the commands given below can just be cut and pasted into the terminal. The command line text editor used in this guide is 'nano'. Where these have been used in commands you will have to modify the command. Ubuntu uses gedit. Kubuntu uses kate. Lubuntu uses leafpad. Xubuntu uses leafpad or mousepad depending on the version. If you launch an application which requires root privileges such as synaptic and it keeps telling you that the password is incorrect then this is what to do: Open the terminal and type gksu-properties.

Change the authentication mode to 'sudo'. Simple video editor Openshot is also included, alongside video powerhouse FFMPEG for converting, decoding, encoding, muxing, and playing virtually every video format under the sun. AVLinux is aimed at multimedia content producers looking to edit video or create music on their Linux systems. Unlike Ubuntu Studio, AVLinux is based on Debian and ships with a customized kernel designed with low latency audio production in mind. The idea is to squeeze as much performance out of your computer as possible, which is why developers opted for a modified lightweight Xfce desktop environment.

This is one distribution that sacrifices everything in the name of reducing the strain placed on your computer from simply running the OS. These include Ardour for creating music, Audacity for simple audio editing, Guitarix for guitar amplifier simulation, and open source drum machine Hydrogen. Interestingly, legendary audio console manufacturer Harrison of Nashville, Tennessee recommends AVLinux for use with their Mixbus digital audio workstation.

Installing Linux on your Mac is a lot easier than it once was, since you no longer have to open up Terminal and create your installation medium using command line prompts. This wonderful piece of open source software allows you to create a bootable USB drive with your choice of Linux distribution on it in around three clicks. Most live distributions include installation wizards either in the bootloader or the OS itself to install Linux permanently.

You can then go a step ahead and make Linux look like macOS with a few easy tweaks. Mac vs. Linux fight is irrelevant now. Let's try something new, eh? If your Mac has enough power, you could run some of them just fine under VirtualBox on top of your existing macOS setup if you want! Your email address will not be published. I've installed Ubuntu on a Late 15" Retina. Not all hardware is supported out of the box. Specifically, you will have to compile and install drivers for the FacetimeHD webcam, and the open source nouveau drivers for the Nvidia cards don't work too well.

The proprietary Nvidia drivers work better but you have to install then separately. Also, HiDPI support is hit and miss. That's why you should always text it from a live USB and do some actual research before installing so you can ensure what you have will work. Since Linux is fairly neglected on the consumer side of the market i. Rob Nightingale. Top Deals. Email Facebook Whatsapp Pinterest Twitter. Enjoyed this article? Stay informed by joining our newsletter! Enter your Email. Read our privacy policy. Scroll down for the next article. The Best Linux Operating Distros.

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