For the sake of being thorough, here's a similar script I use to quickly switch between the mini-player and full player versions of iTunes.
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Notice that since "m" is actually recognized by AppleScript, I don't need to find its key code. As such, the command I use to emulate hitting that key is keystroke as opposed to key code , as we used in the above two examples. The activate command we used above does two things: it focuses an app if it's open, or it starts an app if it isn't open. Thus, if you have apps you open and close a lot, we can give them a global keyboard shortcut by creating a simple AppleScript:. While you could use Quicksilver's built-in "open" function to start an app with a trigger, this does a bit more.
For example, your shortcut key will not only open the app, it will also focus or unminimize it if its already running—so you still only have one place to go on the keyboard to get access to that specific app. This command is much more useful, however when you couple it with other tasks—like if you want to start up an app and close it quickly.
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That's fine, except I need to start up its driver app if I want to connect to a Wi-Fi network. I don't need to keep it open, you just have to start it up once to activate the driver and then quit it. So, I created this script to start it up, wait a few seconds to let it register, and then quit. It works great for a quick keyboard shortcut or a login item. Another great use for AppleScript in this scenario is to start up a nagware app and hit the "Demo" button for you, so you don't have to. For example, previously mentioned TextExpander , on launch, shows an annoying window that makes you hit "Demo" button before you can start using the app.
The Mac Keyboard Shortcuts Everyone Needs to Know | Digital Trends
To bypass this, just use this AppleScript:. This will hit Tab four times to navigate to the Demo button, hit Space to select it, and then close the window. Some apps require you to wait a few seconds before they let you hit the demo button. In these cases, you can just add in a line that waits the necessary number of seconds. For example, for previously mentioned Divvy , which makes you wait 3 seconds, use the following script:.
By assigning these scripts to hotkeys, you'll never have to click a demo button yourself again! The last, and most complicated function here is assigning shortcuts to actions that don't currently have them or that have shortcuts that can't be emulated with the above methods. For example. That's not a nice shortcut, but there is no key code for the Eject key, so we can't use the above methods to emulate it and assign it to a simpler hotkey. Instead, we need to create an AppleScript that sleeps the computer directly:.
This method will require a bit more AppleScripting knowledge or some nice Google-fu—I found this by searching sleep computer with an applescript —but it's worth mentioning for those times that just automating simple tasks won't cut it. You can do quite a bit with AppleScript if you feel like learning the code, but even if you don't, it's really easy to learn a few useful commands that will get you pretty far.
If you've been unhappy with OS X's keyboard shortcut support up until now, this method should open up quite a few options for you. Got any of your own favorite custom shortcuts for OS X? For example, click on menu items over and over, drag items around, open and close fields, try exiting half a dozen times — whatever you want, so long as you do them in the program you're hoping to force quit.
Assuming this works, you'll get a window with a [program name] is not responding heading, usually with options like Check for a solution and restart the program , Close the program , Wait for the program to respond , or End Now in older versions of Windows. We have one last trick to force quit a program, but it's an advanced one. A particular command in Windows, called taskkill , does just that — it kills the task you specify, completely from the command line. This trick is great in one of those hopefully rare situations where some kind of malware has prevented your computer from working normally, you still have access to Command Prompt , and you know the filename of the program you want to "kill.
How to Perform “Ctrl-Alt-Delete” on Your Mac
Open Command Prompt. If in the very rare situation that you don't know the filename, but do know the PID process ID , you can execute taskkill like this instead:. If you get an ERROR response that says that a process was not found , check that the filename or PID you used with the taskkill command was entered correctly. The first PID listed in the response is the PID for the program you're closing and the second is usually for explorer.
If even taskkill doesn't work, you're left with having to restart your computer , essentially a force-quit for every program running Software programs and apps sometimes stop responding and won't close on Apple, Linux, and other operating systems and devices, too. It's certainly not a problem exclusive to Windows machines.
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On a Mac, force quitting is best done from the Dock or via the Force Quit option from the Apple menu. In Linux, the xkill command is one really easy way to force quit a program. Open a terminal window, type it, and then click the open program to kill it.
To force quit an app on iPad and iPhone devices, double-press the Home button, find the app you want to close, and then swipe it up as if you're tossing it right off the device. Android devices have a similar process: swipe up from the bottom of the screen and then swipe the unresponding app up even further, off the screen.
Quitting apps on your Mac
Or, for some Android devices, tap the square multitasking button, find the app that's not responding, and then toss it off the screen Share Pin Email. He writes troubleshooting content and is the General Manager of Lifewire. Here's how to do it:. Bring the program you want to quit to the foreground by tapping or clicking on it. Press and hold one of the ALT keys. A wiki-style reference database for keyboard shortcuts. Comments Table of Contents: The following table shows frequently used shortcuts in Outlook for Mac. Work in windows and dialogs Send and receive mail Use Search Use the Calendar Work with people and contacts Manage tasks Use notes Edit and format text Flag messages, contacts, and tasks for follow up.
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The following table shows frequently used shortcuts in Outlook for Mac. In Week and Work Week views, move to the previous week. In Month view, move to the previous month.